Pool & Spa Safety Act


Who is Virginia Graeme Baker? The Virginia Graeme Baker Pool & Spa Safety Act (P&SS Act) takes its name from Virginia Graeme Baker. A twin and the youngest of five, 7-year-old Virginia, was the daughter of Nancy and James Baker IV, the son of former Secretary of State James Baker III. In June 2002, Graeme became stuck to a hot tub drain and was unable to pull herself free. Efforts by her mother to pull Virginia from the drain proved unsuccessful. Two men who eventually freed Virginia Graeme from the spa, pulled so hard, that the drain cover broke from the force. Virginia died from drowning, but the real cause of her death was entrapment from the suction, due to a faulty drain cover.After her tragic death, her mother, Nancy Baker, worked tirelessly to advocate for pool and spa safety. Virginia’s family and Safe Kids Worldwide actively lobbied Congress to support a law, to require anti-entrapment drain covers and other safety devices for pools and spas. U.S. Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz of Florida sponsored the statute, which was signed into law by the President in December 2007.

State Requirements for replacing drain covers in swimming pools and spas

A pool contractor should verify that the pool and / or spa is in compliance with the federally mandated Virginia Graeme Baker Pool & Spa Safety Act, which took effect December 19, 2008. If the pool is not in compliance, the necessary steps should be taken to comply with the Virginia Graeme Baker Pool & Spa Safety Act.The definition of un-blockable drain in the Pool and Spa Safety Act is:

“A drain sump of any size, or shape, that a human body cannot sufficiently block to create a suction entrapment issue.”


I use the Paramount, SDX High Flow Safety Drain Cover. This universal cover can be used on any style drain and comes in two colors – grey and white.